Source code for cocotb.drivers.xgmii

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"""Drivers for XGMII (10 Gigabit Media Independent Interface)."""

import struct
import zlib

import cocotb
from cocotb.triggers import RisingEdge
from cocotb.drivers import Driver
from cocotb.utils import hexdump
from cocotb.binary import BinaryValue

_XGMII_IDLE      = b"\x07"  # noqa
_XGMII_START     = b"\xFB"  # noqa
_XGMII_TERMINATE = b"\xFD"  # noqa

# Preamble is technically supposed to be 7 bytes of 0x55 but it seems that it's
# permissible for the start byte to replace one of the preamble bytes
# see http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/3/10G_study/email/msg04647.html
_PREAMBLE_SFD = b"\x55\x55\x55\x55\x55\x55\xD5"


class _XGMIIBus(object):
    r"""Helper object for abstracting the underlying bus format.

    Index bytes directly on this object, pass a tuple of ``(value, ctrl)`` to
    set a byte.

    For example:

    >>> xgmii = _XGMIIBus(4)
    >>> xgmii[0] = (_XGMII_IDLE, True)  # Control byte
    >>> xgmii[1] = (b"\x55", False)      # Data byte
    """

    def __init__(self, nbytes, interleaved=True):
        """Args:
            nbytes (int): The number of bytes transferred per clock cycle
                (usually 8 for SDR, 4 for DDR).

            interleaved (bool, optional): The arrangement of control bits on the bus.

                If interleaved we have a bus with 9-bits per
                byte, the control bit being the 9th bit of each
                byte.

                If not interleaved then we have a byte per data
                byte plus a control bit per byte in the MSBs.
        """

        self._value = BinaryValue(n_bits=nbytes*9, bigEndian=False)
        self._integer = 0
        self._interleaved = interleaved
        self._nbytes = nbytes

        # Default to idle
        for i in range(nbytes):
            self[i] = (0x07, True)

    def __setitem__(self, index, value):
        byte, ctrl = value

        if isinstance(byte, bytes):
            byte = ord(byte)

        if index >= self._nbytes:
            raise IndexError("Attempt to access byte %d of a %d byte bus" % (
                index, self._nbytes))

        if self._interleaved:
            self._integer |= (byte << (index * 9))
            self._integer |= (int(ctrl) << (9*index + 8))
        else:
            self._integer |= (byte << (index * 8))
            self._integer |= (int(ctrl) << (self._nbytes*8 + index))

        self._value.integer = self._integer

    @property
    def value(self):
        """Get the integer representation of this data word suitable for driving
        onto the bus.

        NB clears the value.
        """
        self._value.integer = self._integer
        self._integer = 0
        return self._value

    def __len__(self):
        return self._nbytes


[docs]class XGMII(Driver): """XGMII (10 Gigabit Media Independent Interface) driver.""" def __init__(self, signal, clock, interleaved=True): """Args: signal (SimHandle): The XGMII data bus. clock (SimHandle): The associated clock (assumed to be driven by another coroutine). interleaved (bool, optional): Whether control bits are interleaved with the data bytes or not. If interleaved the bus is byte0, byte0_control, byte1, byte1_control, ... Otherwise expect byte0, byte1, ..., byte0_control, byte1_control, ... """ self.log = signal._log self.signal = signal self.clock = clock self.bus = _XGMIIBus(len(signal)//9, interleaved=interleaved) Driver.__init__(self)
[docs] @staticmethod def layer1(packet): """Take an Ethernet packet (as a string) and format as a layer 1 packet. Pad to 64 bytes, prepend preamble and append 4-byte CRC on the end. Args: packet (str): The Ethernet packet to format. Returns: str: The formatted layer 1 packet. """ if len(packet) < 60: padding = b"\x00" * (60 - len(packet)) packet += padding return (_PREAMBLE_SFD + packet + struct.pack("<I", zlib.crc32(packet) & 0xFFFFFFFF))
[docs] def idle(self): """Helper function to set bus to IDLE state.""" for i in range(len(self.bus)): self.bus[i] = (_XGMII_IDLE, True) self.signal <= self.bus.value
[docs] def terminate(self, index): """Helper function to terminate from a provided lane index. Args: index (int): The index to terminate. """ self.bus[index] = (_XGMII_TERMINATE, True) if index < len(self.bus) - 1: for rem in range(index + 1, len(self.bus)): self.bus[rem] = (_XGMII_IDLE, True)
@cocotb.coroutine def _driver_send(self, pkt, sync=True): """Send a packet over the bus. Args: pkt (bytes): The Ethernet packet to drive onto the bus. """ pkt = self.layer1(bytes(pkt)) self.log.debug("Sending packet of length %d bytes" % len(pkt)) self.log.debug(hexdump(pkt)) clkedge = RisingEdge(self.clock) if sync: yield clkedge self.bus[0] = (_XGMII_START, True) for i in range(1, len(self.bus)): self.bus[i] = (pkt[i-1], False) pkt = pkt[len(self.bus)-1:] self.signal <= self.bus.value yield clkedge done = False while pkt: for i in range(len(self.bus)): if i == len(pkt): self.terminate(i) pkt = b"" done = True break self.bus[i] = (pkt[i], False) self.signal <= self.bus.value yield clkedge pkt = pkt[len(self.bus):] if not done: self.terminate(0) self.signal <= self.bus.value yield clkedge self.idle() yield clkedge self.log.debug("Successfully sent packet")